What are SSL, TLS and HTTPS? Guide to Secure Your Website

Today several international authorities, private end-users and companies are facing the problem of data spying and misuse. Their data is not going to be safe on digital world. Digitization is not limited to only in private sectors. Private sectors are also moving towards digitization for everything. That’s the reason that most of the companies are giving the first priority to internet security before passing their information over the web.

SSL, TLS and HTTPS are the most essential part of internet security and considered as the standard version of security to protect customer data, company’s internal information, sensitive information and other financial details too. So that their information can be securely transmitted and managed over the web.

Many of you suffer with a red page alerts while browsing any page or website that “Your connection is not secure or private” The question is why does it appear? What does it mean actually and how to overcome this error if appears everytime? How to implement security protocols for your website?

Here is the detailed overview about SSL, HTTPS and their installation guide to run your website on secure connection. Let’s raise the curtain:

WHAT IS SSL?

SSL (SECURE SOCKETS LAYER) is an encryption-based Internet security protocol that is used to encrypt and authenticate data traffic in internet communications. In the case of websites, this ensures secure transmission of data between browser and web server.

Sensitive data that is protected by SSL encryption is:

  1. Registration data: name, address, email address, telephone number
  2. Log-in Data: email address and password
  3. Payment information: credit card number, bank details
  4. Entry forms
  5. Documents uploaded by the customer

SSL ensures the privacy, authentication, and data integrity on the network. It helps to not to pass or manipulate your communication by any third party and make sure that personal data does not fall into the wrong hands.

WHAT IS HTTPS?

HTTPS (HYPERTEXT TRANSFER PROTOCOL SECURE) is an internet communication protocol or we can say an extension of the Hypertext Transfer Protocol that secures your data transmission. It is a protocol for securing the communication between two systems e.g. the browser and the web server. HTTP denotes the unsecured variant. In the case of HTTP websites, transmitted data can be read or modified by attackers.

HTTPS encrypts and decrypts user page requests as well as the pages that are returned by the Web server. This works via the SSL certificate or the latest version TLS certificate.

Source: Cloudflare

 Benefits of SSL/TLS and HTTPS
  1. Data protection and security for customers and partners
  2. The risk of data theft and misuse is reduced
  3. Positive ranking factor for Google
  4. Allows HTTP / 2 to be used to improve website performance
  5. The certificate is easily recognizable for users and inspires trust
TYPES OF CERTIFICATES IN SSL 

Different types of certificates differ in the scope of identification. 

  1. Certificates with domain validation (DV) – Basic
  2. Certificates with owner validation (OV) – More Secure
  3. Certificates with Extended Validation (EV) – the highest level of Authentication

You can select any type of SSL certificate according to type of business website and confirm the browsing on a secure network.

GUIDE TO SSL INSTALLATION

 Now what to do after purchasing SSL certificate? Well, it’s time to install the SSL certificate on the server. Many of hosting providers offer free SSL with the hosting and you don’t to need to buy separately then if they do so. You can ask them to configure SSL for your website or hire web developer to proceed with the SSL installation step. If you buy SSL from any certificate provider, you will get the manual or corresponding installation instructions to follow. For a technically flawless implementation, the following points are particularly important: 

  1. Correct Certificates
  2. Correct Encryption
  3. Suitable Server Configuration
HOW TO CHECK IF THE SSL CERTIFICATE IS PROPERLY INSTALLED

Now you are all set with the SSL installation. How to check if the SSL certificate is properly installed and all pages of your website are browsing over secure connection (HTTPS). To check the SSL, you need to open your website or refresh it if already open. If SSL is configured properly, you will see that website URL has an “s” after “http” that means it is encrypted with a valid SSL certificate.

Eg: https://www.yourwebsite.com

The ‘s’ in the HTTP protocol of the URL stands for ‘SECURE’ and indicates that this page is successfully encrypted with an SSL certificate.

Google wants to make the web more secure and get website operators to encrypt your pages without exception. According to official statements, pages without encryption will in future be given a red ‘ X ’ in the Chrome browser. HTTPS sites already suggest quality and seriousness because people can easily recognize whether a website is safe or unsafe.

If you want to make internet security for your website or browse on a secure network, hire professional web developers at Ardorsys with the affordable prices. We will help you to install SSL certificate and ensure the security of your website.

Get a free quote!

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